15. LIFE ON LAND

Centre identifies 62 new elephant corridors; total now 150

Centre identifies 62 new elephant corridors; total now 150
Written by ZJbTFBGJ2T

Centre identifies 62 new elephant corridors; total now 150  Down To Earth Magazine

Centre identifies 62 new elephant corridors; total now 150

Elephant Corridor Report Shows Significant Increase in Elephant Corridors in India

A new report released by the central government reveals a 40% increase in elephant corridors across 15 elephant range states in India. The report highlights the importance of these corridors in promoting the movement of elephants between friendly habitats, and emphasizes the need for their conservation and protection.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Addressed:

  • Goal 15: Life on Land – Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Key Findings from the Report:

1. Increase in Number of Elephant Corridors:

  • The number of elephant corridors has increased to 150, compared to the previous count of 88 in 2010.

2. Regional Distribution of Elephant Corridors:

  • The state of West Bengal has the highest number of elephant corridors, with 26 corridors accounting for 17% of the total.
  • The east central region contributes to 35% of the corridors, with a total of 52 corridors.
  • The North East region has the second largest number of corridors, with 48 corridors accounting for 32%.
  • Southern India registers 32 corridors, representing 21% of the total.
  • Northern India has the lowest number of corridors, with 18 corridors accounting for 12%.

3. Use and Condition of Elephant Corridors:

  • The majority of the corridors are located within state boundaries.
  • The use of corridors has increased by 40%.
  • However, 19% of the corridors (29 in total) have shown a decrease in use, while 10 others are impaired and require restoration for facilitating elephant movement.

4. Factors Affecting Corridor Use:

  • The decrease in corridor use is attributed to habitat fragmentation, shrinkage, and destruction.

5. Expansion of Elephant Ranges:

  • The increase in elephant corridors reflects the expansion of elephant ranges in certain regions of India.
  • Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, neighboring Chhattisgarh, and southern Maharashtra bordering Karnataka have seen an increase in elephant presence.
  • Madhya Pradesh, particularly in Sanjay Tiger reserves and Bandhavgarh, has also witnessed an increase in elephant ranges.
  • Elephants in northern Andhra Pradesh now have access to movement from Odisha.

Conclusion:

The report highlights the importance of elephant corridors in facilitating the movement and conservation of elephants in India. It emphasizes the need for long-term viability of habitats to support elephant populations and calls for a data-driven approach in identifying corridors. The report also acknowledges the lack of data on elephant movement in certain northeastern states and emphasizes the need for further research and conservation efforts in these regions.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Addressed:

  • Goal 15: Life on Land – Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

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SDGs, Targets, and Indicators in the Article

1. Which SDGs are addressed or connected to the issues highlighted in the article?

  • SDG 15: Life on Land

The article discusses the increase in elephant corridors in India, which is directly related to the conservation of wildlife and biodiversity, aligning with SDG 15: Life on Land.

2. What specific targets under those SDGs can be identified based on the article’s content?

  • Target 15.5: Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity, and protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.
  • Target 15.9: By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies, and accounts.

The increase in elephant corridors contributes to the protection and conservation of threatened species and their habitats, addressing Target 15.5. Additionally, the report emphasizes the need for data-driven approaches in identifying corridors, aligning with Target 15.9.

3. Are there any indicators mentioned or implied in the article that can be used to measure progress towards the identified targets?

  • Number of elephant corridors
  • Percentage increase or decrease in corridor use

The number of elephant corridors serves as an indicator of progress towards Target 15.5, as an increase indicates efforts to protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species. The percentage increase or decrease in corridor use can be used to measure progress towards Target 15.9, as it reflects the integration of ecosystem and biodiversity values into planning and development processes.

Table: SDGs, Targets, and Indicators

SDGs Targets Indicators
SDG 15: Life on Land Target 15.5: Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity, and protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species. – Number of elephant corridors
– Percentage increase or decrease in corridor use
SDG 15: Life on Land Target 15.9: By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies, and accounts. – Number of elephant corridors
– Percentage increase or decrease in corridor use

Behold! This splendid article springs forth from the wellspring of knowledge, shaped by a wondrous proprietary AI technology that delved into a vast ocean of data, illuminating the path towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Remember that all rights are reserved by SDG Investors LLC, empowering us to champion progress together.

Source: downtoearth.org.in

 

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