14. LIFE BELOW WATER

Invasive spiny water flea found in New England lake for first time ever

Invasive spiny water flea found in New England lake for first time ever
Written by ZJbTFBGJ2T

Invasive spiny water flea found in Lake Winnipesaukee for first time ever  MassLive.com

Invasive spiny water flea found in New England lake for first time ever

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Detection of the Spiny Water Flea in New Hampshire

Introduction

The spiny water flea was discovered in Lake Winnipesaukee in September, marking the first time the aquatic invasive species has ever been detected in the Granite State, officials announced Friday.

Confirmation and Spread of the Species

State biologists from the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services documented the presence of the spiny water flea in the deepest part of Lake Winnipesaukee in the Broads in Gilford, New Hampshire on Sept. 13. Further sampling confirmed the microscopic animal is also in the Alton and Wolfeboro areas of the lake. The infestation is believed to be recent, according to a statement from NHDES.

NHDES biologists have been monitoring for the species for the past eight years, anticipating its eventual detection in New Hampshire. The tiny animal was likely introduced to the lake by boaters who visited a waterbody with an existing infestation, and eggs or live organisms were probably brought over on fishing or recreational gear or in the bilge or live well of a boat. The species’ expansion into other waterbodies in the state is likely over time, according to the statement.

Impact and Management

“Invasive species are very good at spreading to new locations,” said Kirsten Hugger, an aquatic ecologist with NHDES. “We anticipated there was potential for introduction to Lake Winnipesaukee due to boater traffic, which is why we initiated a monitoring program in 2016. However, it is still surprising and disappointing to have confirmed that spiny water flea is in New Hampshire.”

The spiny water flea, also known as zooplankton, is native to Europe and Asia and was first introduced to the United States through the Great Lakes in the 1980s. The nearest locations of other infestations include Lake Champlain in Vermont as well as Lake George and a few other waterbodies in New York, according to the statement.

There are no ways to control the species once it is established. So, the best and only management option is to prevent introduction into uninfected waterbodies by cleaning, draining and drying all boats and recreational gear after leaving a waterbody, as required by New Hampshire state law, the statement said.

Ecological Implications

The spiny water flea is not harmful to humans. However, it can be a nuisance when it builds up on fishing lines. The animal can also negatively impact aquatic food webs by changing the plankton community. In turn, fish populations can be affected, according to the statement.

“Some of our native fish species could be impacted by this,” said John Magee, programs supervisor with the Inland Fisheries Division at the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department. “At high densities, the spiny water flea can outcompete native zooplankton on which some of our native fish species rely.”

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Non-native aquatic invasive animals are those not naturally found in New Hampshire’s lakes, ponds and rivers. Because they are not native, they have few predators or diseases, allowing them to grow quickly and dominate the freshwater systems. Aquatic invasive species, whether they are invasive animals or plants, can impact native aquatic species, reduce shorefront property value, impair water quality and cause problems with the aesthetic and recreational value of waterbodies, the statement detailed.

Conclusion

Boaters and other on-water recreation enthusiasts are urged to be aware of their role in the spread of aquatic invasive species, large or small, and practice good lake stewardship activities.

SDGs, Targets, and Indicators

  1. SDG 14: Life Below Water

    • Target 14.4: By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.
    • Indicator 14.4.1: Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels.
  2. SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Target 15.8: By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.
    • Indicator 15.8.1: Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species.

Table: SDGs, Targets, and Indicators

SDGs Targets Indicators
SDG 14: Life Below Water Target 14.4: By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics. Indicator 14.4.1: Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels.
SDG 15: Life on Land Target 15.8: By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species. Indicator 15.8.1: Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species.

Analysis

The article discusses the discovery of the spiny water flea, an invasive species, in Lake Winnipesaukee in New Hampshire. Based on the content of the article, the following analysis can be made:

1. Which SDGs are addressed or connected to the issues highlighted in the article?

The issues highlighted in the article are connected to SDG 14: Life Below Water and SDG 15: Life on Land. SDG 14 focuses on conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas, and marine resources, while SDG 15 focuses on protecting, restoring, and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems.

2. What specific targets under those SDGs can be identified based on the article’s content?

Based on the article’s content, the specific targets that can be identified are:

  • Target 14.4: By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.
  • Target 15.8: By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.

3. Are there any indicators mentioned or implied in the article that can be used to measure progress towards the identified targets?

The article does not mention any specific indicators. However, based on the identified targets, the following indicators can be used to measure progress:

  • Indicator 14.4.1: Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels.
  • Indicator 15.8.1: Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species.

Behold! This splendid article springs forth from the wellspring of knowledge, shaped by a wondrous proprietary AI technology that delved into a vast ocean of data, illuminating the path towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Remember that all rights are reserved by SDG Investors LLC, empowering us to champion progress together.

Source: masslive.com

 

Daycares in Finland Grew Forests, And It Changed Kids’ Immune Systems

Join us, as fellow seekers of change, on a transformative journey at https://sdgtalks.ai/welcome, where you can become a member and actively contribute to shaping a brighter future.

 

About the author

ZJbTFBGJ2T