7. AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY

Nigerians opt for alternative energy sources amid high fuel costs

Nigerians opt for alternative energy sources amid high fuel costs
Written by ZJbTFBGJ2T

Nigerians opt for alternative energy sources amid high fuel costs  Punch Newspapers

Nigerians opt for alternative energy sources amid high fuel costs

Alternative Energy Sources in Nigeria: Addressing the Electricity Challenge

As the country continues to grapple with an epileptic electricity supply, more individuals and businesses are turning to alternative energy sources for their power needs.

The Electricity Challenge in Nigeria

  1. Nigeria’s electricity consumption per capita in 2022 was significantly lower than that of South Africa, according to the World Bank.
  2. The country’s average per hour data in September 2023 stood at 3,689.700 MWh, indicating low power generation and poor distribution infrastructure.
  3. The national grid collapsed multiple times in 2023, with the first collapse occurring on February 4 due to low gas supply.

Impact on Individuals and Businesses

  • Nigerians heavily rely on diesel and petrol power generators for their electricity needs, leading to increased operating costs.
  • The removal of fuel subsidies in June 2023 further worsened the situation, causing a significant increase in petrol prices.
  • Many individuals and businesses have turned to solar power and biomass as alternative energy sources to mitigate costs.

Testimonials from Users of Alternative Energy Sources

  • A pharmacy operator in Okota installed solar panels to reduce overhead costs and ensure a steady electricity supply.
  • An electrical engineer opted for solar energy to mitigate the rising costs of petrol for powering his house and cars.
  • An IT programmer installed solar panels in his house to overcome the high expenses of running a generator.
  • A food vendor in Isolo, Lagos, installed a solar-powered appliance to address the challenges of erratic electricity supply and high bills.

The Government’s Response

The Minister of Power, Mr Adebayo Adelabu, warned that anyone posing a threat to the performance of the power sector would be removed from their position.

The Potential of Renewable Energy in Nigeria

  • Solar energy has gained significant patronage in Nigeria, especially after the removal of petrol subsidies.
  • Nigeria has abundant solar radiation and wind potential, making renewable energy sources attractive for addressing the electricity deficit.
  • The Renewable Energy Master Plan aims to increase the share of renewable electricity in the country and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Initiatives and Investments in Renewable Energy

  • The World Bank’s Nigeria Distributed Access through Renewable Energy Scale-up project aims to enhance clean energy accessibility for millions of Nigerians.
  • The Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission Mini-Grid Regulation fosters an enabling environment for investments in the mini-grid sector.
  • The Nigerian Electrification Project, funded by the World Bank and the African Development Bank, promotes grid and off-grid solar solutions in rural areas.

Challenges and Solutions

  • Solar energy companies face challenges related to product quality and forex due to the importation of solar panels.
  • However, the installment payment system offered by solar energy companies has increased patronage in Nigeria.

Despite the rising costs of importing solar panels, more Nigerians continue to find solace in alternative energy sources for their electricity needs.

SDGs, Targets, and Indicators Analysis

1. Which SDGs are addressed or connected to the issues highlighted in the article?

  • SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 13: Climate Action
  • SDG 15: Life on Land

The article discusses the challenges of Nigeria’s electricity supply and the increasing reliance on alternative energy sources such as solar power. These issues are directly connected to SDG 7, which aims to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Additionally, the transition to renewable energy sources like solar power contributes to SDG 13, which focuses on taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. The use of solar power also has implications for SDG 15, which aims to protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems.

2. What specific targets under those SDGs can be identified based on the article’s content?

  • SDG 7.2: Increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
  • SDG 7.3: Double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
  • SDG 13.2: Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning

The article highlights the potential of renewable energy sources, particularly solar power, in addressing Nigeria’s electricity challenges. This aligns with SDG 7.2, which aims to increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. The use of solar power also contributes to SDG 7.3 by improving energy efficiency. Additionally, integrating solar power into Nigeria’s energy mix can help the country meet SDG 13.2 by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change.

3. Are there any indicators mentioned or implied in the article that can be used to measure progress towards the identified targets?

  • Renewable energy capacity and generation
  • Energy consumption per capita
  • Percentage of electricity generated from renewable sources
  • Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

The article mentions Nigeria’s capacity to generate 13,000 MW of electricity and the need to increase the share of renewable electricity in the country. These figures can be used as indicators to measure progress towards SDG 7.2. Additionally, the article compares Nigeria’s electricity consumption per capita with that of South Africa, providing an indicator for tracking improvements in energy access and efficiency (SDG 7.3). The transition to solar power can also be measured by tracking the percentage of electricity generated from renewable sources. Finally, the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the use of solar power can be used as an indicator for progress towards SDG 13.2.

4. Table: SDGs, Targets, and Indicators

SDGs Targets Indicators
SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy 7.2: Increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix – Renewable energy capacity and generation
– Percentage of electricity generated from renewable sources
SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy 7.3: Double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency – Energy consumption per capita
SDG 13: Climate Action – Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

This table summarizes the identified SDGs, targets, and indicators based on the analysis of the article. It provides a clear overview of the relevant goals, specific targets, and corresponding indicators that can be used to measure progress towards addressing Nigeria’s electricity challenges and promoting the use of renewable energy sources like solar power.

Behold! This splendid article springs forth from the wellspring of knowledge, shaped by a wondrous proprietary AI technology that delved into a vast ocean of data, illuminating the path towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Remember that all rights are reserved by SDG Investors LLC, empowering us to champion progress together.

Source: punchng.com

 

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